大家事先说过,复习考研[微博]德文要侧重真题,在回想词汇和练习阅读驾驭、翻译题的时候要整合真题做搭配回忆,并辅以相应的演习,下边我们就以真题为例,从当中选拔出轻易并发的考场,让二〇一六的考生更深入地驾驭“搭配记念”法。

1 Good parenting

  【相关真题】

Good schooling
The parent-child relationship

  ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years. ②Morefamilies
consist of one-parent households or two working parents;
consequently,children are likely to have less supervision at home than
was common in thetraditional family structure. ③Thislack of parental
supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crimerates. ④Other
identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or failure in
school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing
incidence of child abuse andchild neglect. ⑤Allthese conditions tend to
increase the probability of a child committing acriminal act, although a
direct causal relationship has not yet beenestablished。

2 Build strong family relationships

  【高频考试的场所】

Build a sense of belonging
Have meals as a family
Share family chores
Share ideas and feelings

  1.产生变化:experiencechanges

Strengthen family bonds
Family bonding activities

  2.由单亲家庭构成:consistof one-parent households

Achieve a good work-family balance
Help their children with homework

  3.XKF会对小伙作案的概率发生震慑:XKFis thought to be an influence on
juvenile crime rates。

Monitor their children’s academic performance
Are more involved in their children’s education

  4.充实恐怕性:increasethe probability

These parents believe that they are more involved in their children’s
education than their own parents were.

  5.间接的因果关系还没曾树立起来:adirect causal relationship has not
yet been established

Teach their children good manners
Provide good role models for their children

  6.可明确的来头:identifiablecauses

3 Working parents

  7.犯上作乱的一举一动:offensiveacts

It helps busy working parents balance their lives.

  8.某件事发生更增加:thegrowing incidence of something

Have busy careers
(Children) Spend their after-school hours without adult supervision

  【翻译演习】

Internet addiction
Spend too much time online
Weaken family bonds
Feel disconnected from each other
Cause family conflict/ high divorce rate

  ①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years。

4 Parenting style/ child-rearing style

  ②More families consist ofone-parent households or two working
parents; consequently, children are likelyto have less supervision at
home than was common in the traditional familystructure。

Expect their children to do exactly what they are told
Stifle their creativity
Damage their self-esteem

  结构提醒:than was common in the traditional
familystructure显示比较的逻辑关系,比较的两岸是现行反革命的男女与历史观家庭的男女。

Spoil their children
Permissive parents
(Children) can behave as they please

  ③This lack of parentalsupervision is thought to be an influence on
juvenile crime rates。

Are understanding and supportive
Respect their feelings
Support their choices
Respect their individuality

  ④Other identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or
failure in school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and
the growing incidence of child abuse andchild neglect。

Western parents try to respect their children’s individuality.

  结构提醒:frustration or failure in school, theincreased
availability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of
childabuse and child neglect里并列的名词短语合作构成句子的宾语。

Give them advice and support
Encourage them to think independently
Help them build self-confidence and self-esteem
Help them achieve their potential

  ⑤Allthese conditions tend to increase the probability of a child
committing acriminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not
yet been established。

5 Emotional health/ emotional well-being

  【参谋译文】

This program aims to promote emotional health among young people.

  ①近几年,家庭也产生了部分转移。

Provide them with emotional support
(Children) Seek advice from parents
Damage their emotional health

  ②单亲家庭可能老人都要上班的家庭更扩张,那样一来,家庭对儿女的担保比守旧家庭恐怕会少一些。

6 Develop good moral values

  ③远远不足爸妈监督被认为对青年发案的概率有必然的影响。

Teach children the difference between right and wrong
Teach children about social responsibility

  ④任何能够找到的犯罪的行为的缘故不外乎在高校的退步和挫败、毒品和酒越来越轻松获得、虐待孩子和忽略孩子的风浪更是多。

7 Good behavior

  ⑤具备那么些法则往往会大增青少年人犯罪的恐怕,尽管它们中间直接的因果关系尚未分明。

Follow school rules
Develop self-control
Well-behavior students
Teach them good manners and etiquette

  “搭配回忆法”对大家回忆单词、占有翻译题有极大的协理,但别的美妙的章程都必要在长久的练习中听得多了就能说的详细,希望大家在现在的复习进程中,能依据这种方式把真题吃透,众志成城,你会发觉效果确实不错!

Break school rules
Unacceptable behavior

  来源:文都教育

8 Their peers

Peer pressure
Are in their formative years
Often act on impulse

Teenagers often act on impulse and get into trouble with their
parents.

Are influenced by peer pressure
Positive peer pressure ➡️ Increase their motivation to learn
Negative peer pressure ➡️ drug abuse, teenage sex, school bullying,
youth crime

Feel lonely and isolated

9 Behavior problems

Unruly students
Drop out of school

Half of young adults who dropped out of school regretted their
decision later.

Are involved with gangs and crime

Take responsibility for their own actions
Have respect for their neighbors and communities

10 Youth crime

Lack self-control
Do not think about the consequences of their actions
Commit a crime

Reduce/ prevent youth crime
Become law-abiding citizens

11 Prepare them well for adult life

Increase their independence
A responsible member of society
A productive/ contributing member of society

(Parents) raise their children to be responsible/ productive/
contributing members of society

(School) prepare students to be…
Produce well-rounded individuals

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